TAV

TAV (Taw; Heb. ת;תָּו), the twenty-second and the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet; its numerical value is 400. The basic pictographic shape of this letter consisted of two strokes crossing each other \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2128\>\> or \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2129\>\> , i.e., the simplest mark and hence its name taw. While in the Proto-Canaanite and in the early Phoenician scripts, until the tenth century B.C.E., both the X-shaped and the cross-shaped taw were used; in the ninth century B.C.E. the letter's stance was stabilized. The Hebrew script preserved the X-shaped \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2130\>\> and did not alter its form, but in the Samaritan script it became \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2131\>\> . On the other hand, the late Phoenician script adopted and developed the cross-shaped taw \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2132\>\> → \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2133\>\> → \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2134\>\> . and in the Aramaic script it evolved as follows: \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2135\>\> → \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2136\>\> → \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2137\>\> . The last form was the prototype of the Jewish taw \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2138\>\> and Arabic \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2139\>\> which developed through the Nabatean \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2140\>\> → \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2141\>\> → \!ejud\_0002\_0019\_0\_img2142\>\> . The Greek (and Latin) "T" is a variation of the cross-shaped taw. See Alphabet, Hebrew\>\> . (Joseph Naveh)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tav — can mean:* Taw (also written tav ), a letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets * Tav (number) (also written taw or taf ), the denotation of a specific transfinite numberTAV can mean:* TAV, an acronym for trans atmospheric vehicle , a class… …   Wikipedia

  • Tav — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Tav est une lettre de l alphabet hébreu. TAV est l acronyme de Treno ad Alta Velocità (train à grande vitesse en italien). TAV est l acronyme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tav — [täf, täv] n. [Heb tāw] the twenty third letter of the Hebrew alphabet (ת) …   English World dictionary

  • tav|er|na — «TAV uhr nuh», noun. (in Greece) a small, plain restaurant: »In Greece, for instance, many residents will tell you that you can find the best Greek cooking in the basement taverna of the Athens Hilton (Harper s). ╂[< New Greek tavérna] …   Useful english dictionary

  • TAV — puede significar: Técnicos Andreu y Vila Tecnologías Audio Visuales Temporada Académica de Verano Tren de Alta Velocidad Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • tav. — tav. abbr. tavola …   Dizionario italiano

  • tav — tȃv m DEFINICIJA 1. lingv. dvadeset i drugo (zadnje) slovo hebrejskog alfabeta 2. pov. u hebrejskom obilježavanju oznaka za broj 400 ETIMOLOGIJA hebr. tāw: znak, oznaka …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • tav — vb., præt. af tie …   Dansk ordbog

  • tav — pris·tav; tav·ern·er; tav·ern·less; tav·gi; tav·is·tock·ite; tav·ern; tav; …   English syllables

  • TAV — Die Abkürzung TAV steht für: Technikbasiertes Abfertigungsverfahren Tendo Aikido Verband TAV Airports Holding, ein türkischer Flughafenbetreiber (u.a. Flughafen Istanbul und Ankara) TAV Construction, ein türkischer Baukonzern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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